PRP therapy for hair loss is used in hair restoration for natural looking results. With a thin needle, your own Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP) is injected into the scalp. Then the growth factors in your blood cells do their job and hair growth is naturally stimulated. PRP Hair Restoration is suitable for both men and women.
How is PRP made?
PRP Platelet Rich Plasma is sourced from your blood supply. Within your blood you have:
• RED BLOOD CELLS (carry oxygen)
• WHITE BLOOD CELLS (fights diseases and infection)
• PLATELETS (repairs damage and injuries)
• PLASMA (contains water and nutrients)
A small amount of blood is extracted from the patient, the blood is then placed into a centrifuge. This results in the red and white cells separating from the platelets and the plasma of the blood. Therefore creating a liquid that is known as PRP or Platelet Rich Plasma. PRP is a concentration of your body’s own platelets (to repair damage) and plasma (nutrients).
How does PRP Therapy for Hair Loss work?
PRP Therapy for Hair Loss is a powerful and natural hair loss treatment that does not require daily pills or chemical lotions or foams.
By creating a controlled injury on the scalp (skin) during a PRP Therapy for Hair Loss Treatment, this will signal the body to send PLATELETS and PLASMA to the area, to repair the injured cells. Adding additional PRP increases the amount of repairing cells (platelets) and nutrients (plasma) in the hair loss region. This exposes the skin cells and the hair follicles to large amounts of healing platelets and nutrient rich plasma.
PRP Treatments at Go Cosmetic Clinics
At Go Cosmetic Clinics, we use the PRP System -Double-centrifuge technique that allows the active biologic factors of serum to be administered at the most effective concentration. This double processing is the only way that the optimal concentration of growth factors in PRP can be achieved.
DHT + Hair Loss
The most common form of hair loss to impact men & women is known as Androgenetic Alopecia. It is a condition that is INHERITED from your parents when you are born. The hair loss gene can be passed on by either your mother or father. A person may be carrying the gene but not experience hair loss as well. The hair loss gene causes hair follicles to become weak when they come in contact with a hormone known as DHT. Only hair follicles through the frontal hair line, midscalp and crown area’s of the scalp are damaged by DHT.
DHT stands for Di Hydro Testosterone. It is formed when Testosterone bonds with an enzyme and creates DHT. The enzyme is called 5 alfa reductase (5ar). An increase in testosterone levels can lead to an increase in DHT because the enzyme is freely available in our body. Only people who have inherited the hair loss gene experience hair loss caused by DHT.
How does DHT cause Hair Loss?
DHT injures and damages your hair follicles slowly over time. This causes your hair follicles to become smaller and weaker which results in the hair follicles receiving less blood supply.
Because DHT injures your hair follicles slowly over time, your body does not recognise there is an injury and does not attempt to heal the injured hair follicles. As DHT continues to damage + injure your hair follicles your hair will start to appear thinner, weaker, finer and flatter, this can result in the hair follicle dying causing permanent hair loss.
PRP Therapy for Hair Loss
The Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) commonly used in hair restoration is “autologous,” meaning that it is derived from the patient’s own blood. To obtain PRP, a patient’s blood is spun in a centrifuge to separate the solid from liquid components and platelet activators, such as thrombin, calcium chloride and sometimes collagen, are added. The separated “solid” portion of the blood is PRP (platelet rich plasma).
There are commercially available systems for PRP Therapy hair loss treatment. These include: Cydomedix, Emcyte Pure PRP, Angel system, and Harvest system. PRP is sometimes combined with A-Cell, although the benefit of this combination is speculative.
PRP is then placed into a syringe and reintroduced into the treatment site i.e., either the surgical site or an area of hair loss. PRP be can sprayed onto a recipient area during and after a hair transplant, laid into the donor incision, or injected directly into a balding scalp. Prior to injecting PRP, doctors often create a ring-block of local anesthesia with 1% lidocaine.
When used to stimulate hair growth most doctors schedule injections at intervals of 1 to 9 months. Some improvement (in reversing miniaturization) can be expected in the first 2-6 months. The treatments must be continued periodically to maintain any improvement.
Mechanism of Action
For the medical treatment of hair loss, practitioners use PRP to stimulate the growth of follicles, thereby reversing the hair miniaturization seen in androgenetic alopecia (common baldness).
It is conjectured that the introduction of platelets and white blood cells through platelet rich plasma (PRP) can amplify the body’s naturally-occurring wound healing mechanism. It is also proposed that PRP can actually stimulate the stem cells (dermal papilla) of the newly transplanted hair follicles.
Indications for PRP Therapy for Hair Loss
PRP is used in many areas of medicine, including the acceleration of healing of tendon injuries, the treatment of osteoarthritis, in some aspects of dental work (i.e. jaw reconstruction), and in cardiovascular medicine. The concentrated form of plasma has been shown to accelerate wound healing and tissue repair and, thus, could potentially benefit hair restoration procedures.
In hair transplantation, PRP can be injected into or sprayed on the recipient site area to, theoretically, stimulate the healing of the transplanted grafts and into the donor area to facilitate healing of the donor incision and potentially minimize scar formation.
In the medical treatment of male and female pattern baldness (androgenetic alopecia), PRP can be injected into the balding scalp to potentially stimulate thin (miniaturized) hair to grow into thicker (terminal) hairs. Patients with thinning, but not totally bald, areas would be the best candidates.
PRP for hair loss is a relatively new treatment with a limited number of scientific studies to show its efficacy. The long-term benefits of PRP treatments for hair loss are not yet known. All patients receiving PRP treatments at Go Cosmetic Clinics – London are followed closely to determine effectiveness and if other therapeutic modalities may be needed.